Compound Journal Entry

One of the meanings that the word compound has is “a thing that is composed of two or more separate components“. Similarly, when used in accounting, a compound journal entry means a journal entry which includes multiple accounts that are either debited or credited, unlike a simple journal entry which only includes 1 debit and 1 credit.

In other words an entry which has more than one account in debit or credit or both is termed as a compound journal entry.  

 

Example of a Compound Journal Entry

  • On January 7, 2014, 9,500 received in cash from Unreal Pvt Ltd. as the full and final settlement of their account worth 10,000. (Allowed a discount of 500)

 

 Date  Particulars  LF.  Debit  Credit  Type of Account*  Rule Applied*
 7 Jan 2014  Cash A/C    9500    Real A/C  Dr. What comes in 
   Discount Allowed    500    Nominal A/C  Dr. All losses 
     To Unreal Pvt Ltd.          10,000  Personal A/C  Cr. The giver  

*Used for the explanation purposes.

In the above example of a compound journal entry, there are 2 accounts being debited and 1 account being credited. There are other examples of a compound journal entry where you will find more debits than credits or multiple accounts being credited and debited at the same time and so on. It all depends on the complexity of a transaction.