Current ratio is a type of liquidity ratio which is established by dividing total current assets of a company with its total current liabilities. It shows the amount of current assets available with a company for every unit of current liability payable
This ratio helps to determine the short-term financial liquidity of a company which means it indicates how easily the company can meet its short-term financial obligations. It also aids to find out the relationship between current assets and current liabilities of a business
Formula to Calculate Current Ratio
Current Assets: It includes Cash & its equivalents, B/R, Inventory, Marketable Securities, Debtors, Loans and Advances, Pre-Paid Expenses etc.
Current Liabilities: It includes Creditors, B/P, Accrued Expenses, Provisions, Short-Term Loans etc.
Example of Current Ratio
From the balance sheet of Unreal corporation calculate their current ratio
|Share Capital||2,00,000||Plant & Machinery||1,90,000|
|Reserves & Surplus||40,000||Furniture||10,000|
|Trade Payable||25,000||Trade Receivable||30,000|
|Expense Payable||10,000||Short-Term Investment||10,000|
Current Assets/Current Liabilities
Inventories + Trade Receivable + Short-Term Investment / Short-Term Loans + Trade Payable + Expense Payable
= (60,000 + 30,000+ 10,000) / (25,000 + 25,000 + 10,000)
= 1,00,000 / 60,000
It shows that for every 1 unit of current liability payable the company has 1.67 units of current assets. An ideal no. for this ratio lies around 1.5 to 2.0 depending upon the kind of business.
High & Low Current Ratio
Higher the current ratio better the short-term strength of a company, but a deeper analysis of this ratio may also suggest problems such as poor working capital management, stock pile up, inadequate credit management etc. anything above 2:1 could be considered as high.
On the other hand, a lower current ratio may indicate inadequate working capital & show that the company isn’t sound enough to meet its short-term financial obligations comfortably. A business with low levels may be seen as depending a lot on current liabilities. Anything below 1:1 may be considered as low.