What is Current Ratio

Current Ratio

Current ratio is a type of liquidity ratio which is established by dividing total current assets of a company with its total current liabilities. It shows the amount of current assets available with a company for every unit of current liability payable

This ratio helps to determine the short-term financial liquidity of a company which means it indicates how easily the company can meet its short-term financial obligations. It also aids to find out the relationship between current assets and current liabilities of a business

 

Formula to Calculate Current Ratio

Current Ratio

 

Current Assets:  It includes Cash & its equivalents, B/R, Inventory, Marketable Securities, Debtors, Loans and Advances, Pre-Paid Expenses etc.

Current Liabilities: It includes Creditors, B/P, Accrued Expenses, Provisions, Short-Term Loans etc.

 

Example of Current Ratio

From the balance sheet of Unreal corporation calculate their current ratio

 Liabilities  Amt  Assets  Amt
 Share Capital  2,00,000  Plant & Machinery  1,90,000
 Reserves & Surplus  40,000  Furniture  10,000
 Short-Term Loans  25,000  Inventories  60,000
 Trade Payable  25,000  Trade Receivable  30,000
 Expense Payable    10,000  Short-Term Investment  10,000
 Total  3,00,000  Total  3,00,000

 

Calculation:

Current Assets/Current Liabilities

Inventories + Trade Receivable + Short-Term Investment / Short-Term Loans + Trade Payable + Expense Payable 

= (60,000 + 30,000+ 10,000) / (25,000 + 25,000 + 10,000)

= 1,00,000 / 60,000

= 1.67

It shows that for every 1 unit of current liability payable the company has 1.67 units of current assets. An ideal no. for this ratio lies around 1.5 to 2.0 depending upon the kind of business.

 

High & Low Current Ratio

Higher the current ratio better the short-term strength of a company, but a deeper analysis of this ratio may also suggest problems such as poor working capital management, stock pile up, inadequate credit management etc. anything above 2:1 could be considered as high.

On the other hand, a lower current ratio may indicate inadequate working capital & show that the company isn’t sound enough to meet its short-term financial obligations comfortably. A business with low levels may be seen as depending a lot on current liabilities. Anything below 1:1 may be considered as low.