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Are bad debts recorded in income statement?

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  1. This answer was edited.

    As we can see, the term ‘Bad Debt’ comprises of the word ‘bad’, which gives us a fair idea that it is something about the debtors who are not good for the business.
    So basically, Bad Debt is the amount owed by the customer to the business which is now irrecoverable. It is an expense for the business and it may arise due to reasons such as fraud, insolvency of the debtor, etc. We can also refer to it as Uncollectible Accounts Expense and Irrecoverable Debts.

    Yes, bad debts are recorded in the Income statement.  The Income statement shows the aggregate financial position of a business during a specified period by displaying the amount of revenue generated and expenses incurred by a business. Bad debts being an expense are recorded under operating expenses in the Income Statement or on the debit side in the Profit & Loss a/c.

    Example

    ABC Ltd. sells goods to a retailer for 40,000 at 50 days credit. However, after 50 days, the company realizes that the retailer has been declared insolvent and the amount is no longer recoverable. This amount of 40,000 is an expense for ABC Ltd and leads to a fall in the accounts receivable.
    The journal entries to be recorded in the books of ABC Ltd are as follows:

    Bad debts a/c Debit 40,000 Debit the increase in expense
    To Retailer’s a/c Credit 40,000 Credit the decrease in asset

    (being amounts written off as bad debts transferred to bad debts account)

    Profit and loss a/c Debit 40,000
    To Bad debts a/c Credit 40,000

    (being bad debts transferred to profit and loss a/c)

    Bad debts as shown in the Income statement

    (Extract of Income Statement)

    PARTICULARS AMOUNT AMOUNT
    Revenue 8,00,000
    Expenses:
    COGS 50,000
    Insurance expense 60,000
    Depreciation expense 20,000
    Bad debts expense 40,000
    Total Expense 1,70,000

    Hope this helps.

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