Ajay Mady

What is the formula to calculate net current assets?


1 Answer

  1. This answer was edited.

    Meaning of Net Current Assets

    In simple terms, Net Current Assets refers to the total amount of current assets excluding the total amount of current liabilities in a business. It can also be referred to as Net Working Capital.

    The Net Current Assets can have a positive or a negative value, wherein the two are an indicator of the well-being of a business. In case the current assets are greater than the current liabilities, the company possesses sufficient assets to pay off its indebtedness and is operating efficiently. However, a company is said to be facing financial difficulty and is not in a position to pay off its debts, when the value of net current assets is negative.

    The formula is as follows:


    Difference between Net Current Assets and Current Assets

    Net Current Assets refers to the difference between the total amount of current assets and the total amount of current liabilities whereas Current Assets are a subpart of Net Current Assets and refer to those assets that are expected to be utilized, depreciated or traded through the operations of a business within the same financial year.

    For example, cash and cash equivalents, inventory, accounts receivable, etc are Current Assets whereas the summation of the same minus the total of current liabilities is termed as Net Current Assets which is further explained through an example given below.

    Numerical Example

    Calculate the Net Current Assets of ABC Ltd.

    (Extract of Balance Sheet)

    Cash and Cash Equivalents 2,00,000
    Accounts Receivables 40,000
    Stock Inventory 15,000
    Marketable Securities 35,000
    Prepaid Expenses 6,000
    Accounts Payable 15,000
    Accrued Expense 2,000
    Unearned Revenue 20,000
    Taxes Payable 40,000
    Short-term Debt 10,000
    Interest Payable 6,000


    Total current assets = 2,96,000

    Total current liabilities= 93,000

    Net Current Assets = Total Current Assets – Total Current Liabilities

    = 2,96,000- 93,000  = 2,03,000

    Key Takeaways

    • Net Current Assets are also known as Net Working Capital.
    • Net Current Assets is the difference between the total current assets and total current liabilities.
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