What is Scrap Value of an Asset?
Scrap value of an asset may be defined as the estimated price that can be collected by salvaging or selling the asset after its useful life. In other words, it is the approximated value at which an asset can be sold in the open market after the expiration of its service life. The residual value of an asset is often insignificant or zero. It is also known as salvage value, residual value or break-up value.
The formula to calculate residual or scrap value of an asset is
Scrap Value = (Cost of Asset – Total Depreciation)
Cost of Asset = Purchase Price + Freight + Installation
Scrap value of an asset differs based on the method of depreciation followed by the business .i.e. straight-line method (or) Reducing balance method of depreciation.
Example 1 – Scrap Value of an Asset with Straight Line Method
Unreal Corp. Ltd purchases machinery worth 50,000 and estimates that its useful life will be 9 years and rate of depreciation (SLM) 10% p.a. So, the given details & calculation is as follows:
Cost of Fixed Asset – 50,000
Estimated life of the asset – 9 years
Depreciation Rate – 10% p.a. i.e. Amt 5000 p.a. (Total Depreciation = 5000 x 9)
Scrap value = (50,000 – 45,000) = 5000
Related Topic – What are NPAs (Non-Performing Assets)?
Example 2 – Scrap Value of an Asset with Written Down Value Method
Scenario 2: Assume that the same company in Example 1 follows reducing balance method of depreciation, there will be a variation in the amount of depreciation and scrap value of an asset.
The calculation is as follows:
So, the Scrap value = (50,000 – 30,629) = 19,371
If the residual or salvage value of an asset past its useful life is not insignificant it may keep on existing on the company’s balance (asset side) until the time it’s disposed of.