Can depreciation be charged in the year of sale?

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Charging Depreciation in the Year of the Sale

The answer to your question is yes, one can charge depreciation in the year of sale.

I guess reading the below para you will be able to interpret as to why it can be charged in the year of sale.

First of all, what does depreciation mean?

It is a measure of wearing out, consumption or other loss of value of a depreciable asset arising from use, effluxion of time or obsolescence through technology and market changes.

It is allocated to charge a fair proportion of depreciable amount in each accounting period during the expected useful life of an asset.

Thus, even in the year of the sale, the asset shall continue to wear and tear and so it shall be apt to charge the depreciation from the beginning of the accounting period till the date of its sale i.e for the period it has been used in the year of sale.



I guess the below example will be of great help to you.

The book value of an asset as of 01 /01/YYYY is 70,000 depreciation is charged on an asset @ 10%. on 01/07/YYYY the asset is sold for an amount of 35,000.

The accounting treatment for the same shall be:

Charging depreciation of an amount of 3,500 (70,000 x 10% x 6/12) for 6 months i.e for the period in use (from 01/01 to 30/06):

Depreciation A/c Debit 3,500 Debit the increase in expenses.
To Asset A/c Credit 3,500 Credit the decrease in an asset.


Now at the time of sale, the entity shall record a loss of 31,500 which is nothing but the difference between the written down value and the value of sale proceeds as shown below:

Loss on Sale of Asset A/c Debit 31,500 Debit the decrease in revenue.
Cash A/c Debit 35,000 Debit the increase in an asset.
To Asset A/c Credit 66,500 Credit the decrease in an asset.

I believe now you understand as to why we should charge depreciation in the year of sale as well and also the above example will help you understand the accounting treatment for the same as well.


>Related Long Quiz for Practice Quiz 39 – Depreciation


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