What is the difference between asset and inventory?

Difference between Assets and Inventory

S.No. Basis of Difference Assets Inventory
1. Meaning Asset refers to the economic resources that are owned or controlled by an entity or business for deriving short-term and long-term future benefits. Inventory refers to the set of finished goods (or) raw materials used for manufacturing goods to sell them in the market.
2. Types Assets are classified into two types namely- Fixed and Current assets. Fixed Assets are further classified into Tangible and Intangible Assets. Inventory is classified into 3 types namely- Raw Materials, Work In Progress and Finished Goods.
3. Period/Duration Fixed Assets are kept in the business for a longer period whereas Current Assets are kept in business for a short period but are not meant for immediate sale. Inventory is not kept in the business for a longer period. They are meant for immediate sales to generate revenue.
4. Scope Assets have a broad scope because they remain in the business for both long-term (Fixed Assets) and short-term (Current Assets). Inventory has a narrow scope because they are quickly converted into revenue by selling them.
5. Key features i) Price (or) value.

ii) Generates revenue for a longer period.

iii) Maintenance cost.

iv) Highly Durable.

v) Subject to Depreciation.

i) High liquidity

ii) Readily accessible to end-users.

iii) Contributes to working capital management.

iv) Creates seasonal demand.

v) Economies of scale.

6. Methods of Valuation i) Cost Method.

ii) Base Stock Method.

iii) Fair value Method.

iv) Standard Cost Method.

i) FIFO Method.

ii) LIFO Method.

iii) Simple Average Method.

iv) Weighted Average Method.

7. Examples i) Plant and Machinery.

ii) Furniture.

iii) Bills Receivables.

iv) Sundry Debtors.

v) Patents and Trademarks.

i) Aluminium and steel for the manufacture of utensils.

ii) Flour for bakery production.

iii) Crude oil for refineries.

iv) Cotton for cloth production

8. Presentation All Assets are shown in the balance sheet on the assets side as non-current and current assets. Inventory is shown on the credit side of the trading account and under the head current assets in the balance sheet.


>Related Long Quiz for Practice Quiz 21 – Inventory


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