-This question was submitted by a user and answered by a volunteer of our choice.
In a layman’s language, a trade discount refers to a reduction/fall in the original price of a commodity. This type of discount is usually granted on the list price of the products by the supplier or wholesaler to the retailer for considerations such as buying goods in bulk, trade relations, etc.
No journal entry is recorded separately in the books of accounts for trade discounts. The entries that are shown in the sales or purchase books are recorded as the net amount.
This type of discount is simply utilised to determine the net amount for a customer. Since the trade discount is deducted before any exchange takes place, it does not have any accounting entry.
A distributor sells goods to Mr U amounting to the list price of 8,000 and offers a trade discount of 10% as the customer purchased goods in bulk. The net price will be calculated as follows:
List price = 8,000
Trade discount = 10%
Net amount = 8,000 – (8,000 x 10%)
= 8,000 – 800
The journal entry in the books of the distributor is as follows;
|Cash a/c||Debit||7,200||Debit the increase in asset|
|To Sales a/c||Credit||7,2000||Credit the increase in revenue|
(being goods sold)
The journal entry in the books of Mr U is as follows:;
|Purchase a/c||Debit||7,200||Debit the increase in expenses|
|To Cash a/c||Credit||7,2000||Credit the decrease in asset|
(being goods purchased)
Note: The seller, as well as the buyer, will record the transactions in the books of accounts after subtracting the trade discount allowed from the original amount. As shown in the example above, both the distributor and Mr U shall record the transaction at 7,200. No separate entry shall be shown for a trade discount.