-This question was submitted by a user and answered by a volunteer of our choice.
Yes, there are a few assets that show the credit balance. Those assets generally hold zero or unfavourable balances.
Assets that have a credit balance
From accounting perspective assets and expenses generally have a debit balance whereas liabilities, revenue and capital have a credit balance. Yet there exist a couple of assets that do have a credit balance those assets are known as contra assets.
A contra asset is referred to as an asset that generally has a zero or negative balance. Such an asset is used to offset or reduce the balance of the respective asset account with which it is paired to. Hence reducing or offsetting the amount of the respective asset account with the contra asset account gives us the net value of the respective asset.
It acts as an asset holding credit balance. Contra assets are useful for the organization because it allows them to follow the matching principle by initially recording an expense in the contra asset account.
Assets with a negative balance
- Accumulated Depreciation
- Bad debts allowance
- Reserve for old and obsolete inventory
- Allowance for doubtful debts
For Example – Max purchased an air conditioner from eBay for 4,00,000. The salvage value of the air- conditioner is 30,000 and has an expected useful life of 10 years. On 31-12-YYYY, how much balance will be shown in the Accumulated Depreciation account.
Annual Depreciation = (Value of Asset – Salvage value)/Estimated life of the asset.
= (4,00,000 – 30,000)/10 => 37,000
| Dr Accumulated Depreciation a/c Cr
Net Asset value = Total asset value – Accumulated Depreciation
= 4,00,000 – 1,48,000 => 2,52,000
Placement in the Balance Sheet
Here in the balance sheet “Accumulated Depreciation” shows a negative balance which is a contra asset and it is deducted from the respective asset account. Hence providing us with the Net value of the asset.