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Singh Arjun

Is cash book both a journal and ledger?

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1 Answer

  1. Yes, the cash book is both a journal and a ledger. 

    To make the concept simpler, I would like to familiarize you with the meaning of journals and ledgers, which shall help in determining the reasons for a cashbook to be both a journal as well as a ledger.

    Journal

    A journal is a descriptive financial record of a business that is used for future reconciling as well as a transfer to other books of accounts such as the ledger. It is a book of original entry.

    Cashbook is considered to be a journal because all the cash/bank receipts and payments are recorded in this book in a descriptive form similar to journal posting.

    Ledger

    In simple words, a ledger refers to recording individual accounts in a summarized form that are posted from a journal. It is a book of principal entry.

    A cashbook is considered to be a ledger because all the cash transactions that are made during a particular financial period are recorded in this book in a chronological order. When a cashbook is prepared there is no need for a cash a/c as the book serves the same purpose and therefore can be used as a substitute.

    Format of a Cashbook

    Cashbook

    DateParticularsV.No.L.F.CashDateParticularsV.No.L.F.Cash
     To Capital a/c    By Advertisement a/c   
     To Sales a/c    By Purchases a/c   
     To Mr. C’s a/c    By Stationery a/c   
     To Bank a/c    By Office expenses a/c   
          By Rent a/c   
          By Salary a/c   
          By balance c/d   
              

    Note: As we can see the format and posting of a cashbook are similar to that of journal and ledger accounts.

    Hope this helps.

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