Stock Turnover Ratio
Inventory turnover ratio or stock turnover ratio indicates the relationship between “cost of goods sold” and “average inventory”. It indicates how efficiently the firm’s investment in inventories is converted to sales and thus depicts the inventory management skills of the organization.
It is both an activity and efficiency ratio. This ratio helps to determine stock related issues such as overstocking and overvaluation. Stock turnover ratio is calculated as;
In some cases, the numerator may be “Cost of Revenue from Operations” which is calculated as “Revenue from operations – Gross profit”.
COGS – It can be calculated with either one of these formulas;
- Opening Stock + Purchases + Direct Expenses (*if provided) – Closing Stock
- Net Sales – Gross Profit
Average Inventory – Average of stock levels maintained by a business in an accounting period, it can be calculated as;
- (Opening Stock + Closing Stock)/2
- Stock to include = Raw material + Work in Progress + Finished Goods
Calculate inventory or stock turnover ratio from the below information
Cost of Goods Sold – 6,00,000
Stock at beginning of period – 2,00,000, Stock at end of period – 4,00,000
Average Inventory = (2,00,000 + 4,00,000)/2 = 3,00,000
Stock Turnover Ratio = (COGS/Average Inventory)
=2/1 or 2:1
High Ratio – If the stock turnover ratio is high it shows more sales are being made with each unit of investment in inventories. Though high is favorable, a very high ratio may indicate a shortage of working capital and lack of sufficient inventories.
Low Ratio – A low inventory turnover ratio may indicate unnecessary accumulation of stock, inefficient use of investment, over-investment in inventories, etc. This is a concern for the company as inventory could become obsolete and may result in future losses.