What is the Journal Entry for Recovery of Bad Debts?

Journal Entry for Recovery of Bad Debts

At times a debtor whose account had earlier been written off by a creditor as a bad debt may decide to pay it back, this is called recovery of bad debts. While posting the journal entry for recovery of bad debts it is important to note that it is treated as a gain to the business & that personal account of the debtor should not be credited.

While journalizing for bad debts debtor’s personal account is credited and bad debts account is debited because bad debts written off are treated as a loss to the business and now when they are recovered it is seen as a gain.

Journal entry for recovery of bad debts

Cash or Bank A/C Debit Real A/C Dr. What Comes in
To Bad Debts Recovered A/C Credit Nominal A/C Cr. Income & Gains

Consequently, if the company is not maintaining a provision for doubtful debts, the closing journal entry for bad debts recovered would be

Bad Debts Recovered A/C  Debit
To Profit and Loss A/C  Credit


Bad Debts Recovered Shown Inside a Financial Statement

Income statement showing bad debts recovered

Related Topic – What is Provision for Discount on Debtors?

Example – Journal Entry for Recovery of Bad Debts

Unreal corp was declared insolvent last year and an amount of 70,000 was shown as bad debts in the books of ABC corp, this year Unreal corp decided to pay cash 70,000 against the same debt.

In the books of ABC Corp.

 Cash A/C  70,000
   To Bad Debts Recovered A/C  70,000

(Cash received from Unreal corp previously written off as bad debt)


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